Coding

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Type:Lesson

Estimated Time:15 minutes

Score Type:Auto Score

This lesson automatically provides a score to your gradebook

Available Languages: English, Spanish


Primary Objectives:

  • Student learns what an algorithm is and how to use algorithms to solve problems or complete tasks.
  • Student learns how to develop and use a flowchart to plan and represent an algorithm.
  • Student learns that input is the information and materials used in an algorithm and the result of the algorithm is called the output.
  • Student understands that testing an algorithm is important to ensure that the algorithm is understandable and reliable.
  • Student understands that an algorithm can involve choices that need to be made when following the algorithm and can result in different steps in the algorithm.
  • Student learns that algorithms are useful in sequencing and sorting objects or information and that these tasks can be automated using digital tools.
  • Student understands how to analyze a situation in order to develop a problem statement.
  • Student learns that computer programs are algorithms that tell the computer how to perform a task.

Secondary Objectives:

  • Student understands the importance of planning in developing an algorithm.
  • Student uses reasoning to understand how systems and processes work and how to determine the information needed to solve a problem or complete a task.
  • Students are introduced to the basic concepts used in computer programming and computer language.
  • Student identifies how automation of tasks is possible using computers and algorithms
  • Student uses active listening skills to understand information and follow directions.

Subjects:

Accuracy

Science > Concepts and Processes > Data Analysis and Interpretation > Accuracy

Algorithm Development 

Information Technology > Programming > Algorithm Development 

Analyze Algorithms 

Information Technology > Programming > Analyze Algorithms 

Basic Techniques 

Information Technology > Programming > Basic Techniques 

Critical / Analytical Thinking

Language Arts > Life Skills Daily Life > Critical / Analytical Thinking

Design Sorting Algorithms 

Information Technology > Programming > Design Sorting Algorithms 

Engineering

Science > Concepts and Processes > Student Application > Design Experiments > Engineering

Engineering

Science > Concepts and Processes > Problem Solving > Engineering

Functional

Language Arts > Writing > Products / Formats > Technical > Functional

General

Mathematics > Computer Math > Computer Programming > General

Hardware / Software Applications

Language Arts > Computer Literacy Skills > Personal Use > Hardware / Software Applications

Input / Output Procedures 

Information Technology > Programming > Input / Output Procedures 

Listening / Pay Attention

Language Arts > Communication > Media Literacy / Viewing > Comprehension > Listening / Pay Attention

Look for and make use of structure

Mathematics > Process Standards > Common Core > Look for and make use of structure

Methods/Steps/Strategies

Mathematics > Process Standards > Computation > Methods/Steps/Strategies

Methods/Steps/Strategies

Mathematics > Process Standards > Problem Solving > Methods/Steps/Strategies

Modify / Redesign / Maintain

Information Technology > Technology Use In Society > Design Process > Modify / Redesign / Maintain

Nonfiction

Language Arts > Reading / Literature > Comprehension / Analysis > Follow Directions > Nonfiction

Problem Solving

Social Studies > Process and Literacy Skills > Social Science - History > Problem Solving

Problem-solving

Mathematics > Process Standards > Models/Representations > Problem-solving

Reasoning / Problem Solving

Science > Habits of the Mind > Reasoning / Problem Solving

Technical Writing

Science > Concepts and Processes > Scientific Communication > Written > Technical Writing

Technological Designs

Science > History / Technology / Social Perspectives > Engineering / Engineering Design Process > Technological Designs

Timelines / Diagrams / Maps

Language Arts > Writing > Visual Aids > Graphs / Charts > Timelines / Diagrams / Maps

To Perform Some Task

Science > History / Technology / Social Perspectives > Engineering / Engineering Design Process > Model Construction > To Perform Some Task
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Teacher Notes:

  • Students may be unfamiliar with the term algorithm, but they use algorithms every time they complete math problems. It may be useful to introduce students to algorithms by having students think about the algorithms they use in math. You may decide to ask students to draw out a sketch that shows how a multi-step word problem is solved. This exercise will give students an opportunity to analyze how they use algorithms in solving everyday problems.

Extension Ideas:

  • Ask students to create a flowchart to represent an algorithm of an every day task that needs to be done in the classroom, such as handing in assignments, passing out papers or pencils, organizing the classroom library, or any other simple task (ask students to volunteer ideas for these tasks). Students trade their algorithms with another student for testing. While testing, have students revise the original algorithm to ensure its reliability. Once testing and revision is done, ask student volunteers to demonstrate the algorithm and have the class offer feedback on the algorithm. Display the flowcharts during the demonstrations if possible.

Standards:

S.4.a Students know and use a deliberate design process for generating ideas, testing theories, creating innovative artifacts or solving authentic problems.
S.5.a Students formulate problem definitions suited for technology-assisted methods such as data analysis, abstract models and algorithmic thinking in exploring and finding solutions.
S.5.b Students collect data or identify relevant data sets, use digital tools to analyze them, and represent data in various ways to facilitate problem-solving and decision-making.
S.5.c Students break problems into component parts, extract key information, and develop descriptive models to understand complex systems or facilitate problem-solving.
S.5.d Students understand how automation works and use algorithmic thinking to develop a sequence of steps to create and test automated solutions.
1B-AP-08 Compare and refine multiple algorithms for the same task and determine which is the most appropriate. (P6.3, P3.3)
ELA-Literacy.SL.3.2 Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
ELA-Literacy.SL.4.2 Paraphrase portions of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
ELA-Literacy.SL.5.2 Summarize a written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.
Math.Practice.MP1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
Math.Practice.MP4 Model with mathematics.
Math.Practice.MP7 Look for and make use of structure.
ISTE seal of compliance for proficiency student standards ISTE seal of compliance for readiness student standards
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